The main objectives promoted by OGI are transparency and public accountability. With the planning of existing information - making them easier to analyze, process and combine - it is possible to raise the standard of public trust and perceived responsiveness of government actions, specifically through new technologies and data sharing. It is important to underline that open government can improve, through the publication of available data, service delivery and citizens‘ quality of life.
The e-participation is the ideal bridge between citizen and institution in the policy making. Moreover, thanks to the new Web 2.0, the rights of citizen are improved. The public sector workface described in this way, enable citizen, with the basically skills and tools (such as: data science; predictive testing to identify plans and create models; a good cognition on how to practice 2.0 technologies for negotiate and connect people; and a finer understanding of emerging problems), to develop initiative that better respond to user’s needs. The possibility of the social networks to become guidelines, offering advices and profession knowledge, could be real.
The potential of OGI to increase public efficiency, effectiveness and innovation in public sector activities (even though the release of government data online can lift a number of relevant quests in terms of government operations that require time to be addressed) can be an excellent strategy to enable civil servants to check all the relevant information. Subsequent benefits comprise, among others, a lower workload, reduced paperwork, and very low transitional costs.
Political scientist Lee and Kwak have described OGI implementation process using five theoretic steps, leading to a completely open government scenario. These are:
1. Getting a view of what government data exists;
2. Increasing data transparency;
3. Improving open participation;
4. Enhancing open collaboration;
5. Realizing ubiquitous engagement.
As one step progresses to the next one, the grade of engagement and participation increases. An OGI implementation project can be successful only if supported by a proper approach. In order to realize that, in fact, data must have specific characteristics; in particular, they have to be “available, accessible, modifiable form, discoverable, findable”.
Several scholars have synthesized the debate on Open Government using the metaphor of the “ecosystem” that creates opportunities both in theoretical research and pragmatic development. However, establishing the right ecosystem is not simple at all, its creation involving the exact identification of the categories of actors engaged as well as the provision of the right business case to spur usage.
The solution may be to find a way leading to the interaction between actors. In order to accomplish this mission it is essential to analyze social needs and patterns, as it helps to understand what type of OGI can fit the community and how it can be achieved.
About this point, the main questions are: who are the members? who leads the interaction between them? what are the expected outcomes of this interaction and how can these be measured?
Defining these aspects can be useful for a new vision and application of the open government initiative.
Gianluigi Delle Cave
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