Parte la nuova Rubrica di Aises Young, nella quale verranno analizzate, una alla volta, le principali misure degli Stati membri contro la disoccupazione giovanile. Perché il tempo dei proclami e delle chiacchiere è finito. L’Unione Europea e i singoli governi nazionali devono intervenire, c’è un’intera generazione a rischio. A cura di Cerroni Roberto
A New Europe for the future, a new future for Europe!
This short document gathers together personal opinions and voices of some young European citizens from Spain, Portugal, France, Italy, UK, Germany. Youth is the best resource for future Europe.
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New Europe. Let’s reawake our dream!
Since 2008, when the 1st effects of the current economic crisis arose in our continent we have seen that each Member State alone is not strong enough to react with effective policies to the social and economic difficulties we are still living.
After eight meetings of the European Council, the euro survived intact to 2012 thanks to the decisions taken by the European Central Bank under Mario Draghi.
Actually the crisis is not a thing of the past at all. The unemployment rate is climbing towards new negative records and the political populism is spreading in our democracies fomented by inequalities and insecurity.
We know already the future challenges we’ll have to face. For example in 2030 none of the European MSs will be involved in the most important global meetings because new economies will take our seats in the G8 Summits and we know that by 2050, nearly a third of all European inhabitants will be over the age of 65. The risk of becoming an unheeded ancient periphery of the world and the demographic winter are only some aspects of next decades.
We have to overcome these obstacles but we cannot do that with the current ineffective decision-making process we have today, for these reasons as I believe we need a new step in the European integration process for making stronger our Union by the adoption of a Constitution for Europe.
Only a Constitution can give a long term vision for the future and reflect the common heritage of values of our continent introducing a code of rules to protect and promote civil, political and social rights, a true democratic participation and accountability system, clearer equilibrium of powers between the European institutions and division of the competences of the European institutions from those of the Member States. A Constitution as a plan for future generations and a pact of the people, for the people, may be the turning point Europe needs for establishing an international capacity of action as a global player together with the US.
Together we can do more than that we can do divided and create new opportunities for reawaking the dream of an entire generation of young whose hopes and energies are the most important resource of our continent.
Statement of interests by young European citizens
Crisis of the sovereign debts, taken up by the unemployment, the loss of marks and the growing globalization is the future in which the youth of Europe have to belong to!
In this year of 2013 of the European citizenship, us - basic citizens among the others but Europeans first, we rebel in front of the rise of the dangers in Europe and of the absence of dialogue and innovations of our leaders and the political elite to face the surge necessary for the survival of our continent.
This deep change of society and model of civilization imposes us as new generation, to seize the opportunity to build stronger Europe. Plainer and more human. Europe shares the best practice of management and an effective model of public policies. This Europe has to aim towards harmonization of its practices, its economy and the current life.
We wish a federal Europe.
Based on a political imagination and a long-term view, Europe we want is the people one where the social innovation, the participation of all and the solidarity are first. Europe where the development of some comes through progress, offers a new perspective for others. This Europe has to be a leader in the global governance, worried about the equality of its members and about the world protection. Federal Europe we want is the saving outcome of our History and a culture under construction for centuries, such as our values and our traditions. We hold in Europe, then let be united and carry on!
Europe, our hope
Portugal 2013. The message for the youth is that we haven't got a present, and we are losing our future. The unemployment rate has reached 40%. Education is now a luxury instead of a right, because we have to pay tuition fees among the most expensive in Europe. In the last years, many thousands of young people left Portugal, leaving the country poorer. The government asks us to leave the country(“Government encourages unemployed youths to emigrate” http://economico.sapo.pt/noticias/governo-incentiva-jovens-desempregados-a-emigrar_130198.html).
In Portugal, the youth of today, unlike others in the past, looks to the future without hope. We, the Portuguese youth, are not alone. In the streets of Athens, the motherland of democracy, acts of discrimination against immigrants and minorities makes us remember of darker times. All over Europe, extremism is rising. Neo-fascist parties are already in the Parliaments of some European member states. Xenophobia between “the ones in the South” and “the ones in the North” is rising.
Victor Hugo once said that “a war between Europeans is a civil war”. Today, we live in a war. A war without weapons that we need to solve promoting a new phase of solidarity. The crisis that has started in the United States is today a European crisis. The “debt crisis” is actually a social and growth crisis. Europe needs a new beginning and the European youth needs a new beginning. We are the new beginning for Europe. The solution for this crisis will decide our future, as already happened for other generations with the end of the Cold War, or the April Revolution in Portugal. We need a Federal Europe. We are the Erasmus Generation. We are the most international of all generations. Between us there are no borders. We are europeanists, even in the most eurosceptical countries: in the United Kingdom, more than two thirds of the youth wants to stay in the Union. Today there is a bigger generation gap than a nationality gap.
We need a Federal Europe. We demand a truly democratic European federation. A Europe that is based in its core values: liberty, democracy, equality. A Europe of all Europeans, a Europe united in diversity. A Europe that aims to be the biggest democracy the world has ever seen: from Iceland to Turkey, from Portugal to Finland.
Today, we demand more Europe, because we need a future.
Filipe dos Santos Henriques(Portugal)
The idealism of the Youth is a great force, and a natural force for good.
The energy, enthusiasm, and ambition of the young generation are a huge resource, much bigger than any material resources a nation may have.
In the past the impressionable Youth, with their curiosity and hunger for experience, have often been manipulated by "Dear Leaders" with ideologies, by Kings with conquests and promises of glory. The huge potential has been used for dreadful purposes.
And they are also trying it today.
However, we say "No" to hatred, "No" to rivalry, “No” to individualism, and "Yes" to opportunities, “Yes” to awesome friendships, "Yes" to Unity.
We do not want to mine the border with Turkey, as certain political parties are urging us to. We want to travel to Turkey, see a new culture and make cool friends.
We do not want to report "immigrants” from other EU countries, as certain politicians are encouraging us to. We want to study in different cultures, go on Erasmus exchanges and have many new experiences.
We do not want to leave the European Union, as some lobbies would like us to. We want to have even more opportunities to travel, study and work anywhere across this wonderful continent. For too long we have been burdened with stereotypes, misunderstandings and hatreds about neighbouring nations, emerging from wars many decades, sometimes centuries ago. This is a baggage, a dark heritage, an obstacle, which many generations have gone through life with. It is a burden which has prevented them to fulfill their potential, which has stopped them from being united, despite all the obvious economic, financial, and educational benefits. Give the young a clean slate, a new beginning.
Allow them to use their enthusiasm, energy and ambition for what really matters, and we will have a better world. A world in which there is unity and countless opportunities.
Ivan Botoucharov(United Kingdom)
The future of Europe - a German perspective
Whether the celebration of the 50 year old contract of “Elysée” between France and Germany, the continuing engagement by the French government – supported by a number of European countries - in Mali, or the eurosceptical speech of the British Prime Minister, David Cameron, a look into newspapers, television shows or on internet homepages in the last few days underlined a growing awareness of the European project. With the ongoing financial crisis, a recession in many European countries and the complex and a fast changing global environment, the future of Europe is now, more than ever, an important question to analyze. Although European integration in terms of intergovernmental treaties has proceeded quickly in the last 20 years, not the whole European population has profited from this amazing project and, more importantly, not the whole European population is convinced by this process. The speech of David Cameron about the future of Europe can be criticized for its style, the content and even the timing. However, he was right to emphasize that the European Union needs a reform. The current system does not include the European citizens enough. They only see Europe as the massive bureaucratic monster doing some senseless politics from Brussels. Changing this image is about the future of Europe. Only if everyone can identify himself at least to certain extent with this European project, the idea of a united Europe with different members will succeed.
As a politics student from Germany I am currently studying for two semesters at the University of Warwick in the United Kingdom. Without the European Union and the ERASMUS program, this would have been impossible. For me personally it is a great opportunity to discover another university system, to improve my language skills and to deepen my professional language from a different perspective. Using ERASMUS clearly is a privilege which not, every young woman or man may enjoy. With high unemployment rates especially in the South European countries, there has to be introduced a more pan-European approach where economical as well as cultural exchange is promoted. Young people in favor of the European project should engage themselves for supranational projects because they can achieve a more friendship based relationship than politicians in charge. Talking to my French housemate in the morning after a long and exhausting night and laughing about a funny story creates more than simple friendship. It creates a further approach of young Europeans living practically next door to each other. For this reason, one can conclude that young people are the future of Europe, shaping friendships everywhere around the continent.
The challenge of European youth
The economics crisis has discovered some flaws in the European system. The austerity policies wonted by the northern countries are suffocating south countries, questioning their own sovereignty. Policies aimed to reduce deficit are also the causes which are spinning out the crisis at the expense of the rights and freedom of the people. In this dramatic situation is evident the lack of politicians able to influence the European decisions more rather than technocrats.
Perhaps this crisis has also worked for the European feeling. The News about coordinated European mobilizations and solidarity among European citizens are doing us feel closer social union.
The opportunity we have as young Europeans is to rethink Europe and start constructing the United States of Europe as a federation of states, with a president elected by a universal suffrage with a governmental institution and a helpful administration. We have traced a long way to this day, now is the time to draw our future together. We must begin to give global answers to the problems of the Union. Europe does not need more local responses to their global problems. Therefore, we must seek together a response to Euroscepticism and nationalism.
It's time to talk about future and hope. We are the generation of the crisis and we can play an important role for a new beginning by promoting new priorities and values: ecology, innovation, more participation. We want to change our condition from the generation of the crisis to that one of opportunities.
We wish a structural change will open the way for a new future without forgetting the past. It is time to join forces respecting differences and identities of different peoples of Europe.
David Donaire (Spain)